Increasing the yield of a cannabis crop can be easy when the grower knows how to do pruning and training that will help with this. Pruning and training cost nothing and are essential to make plants grow more. There are prunings that every grower does on all his plants. And also trainings that are carried out in different situations, especially for those who cultivate in small spaces and want to make the most of the environment.
However, in order not to damage the plants when doing this pruning and training it is important to know when to do it, and how to do it. This is because it is not in all stages that such pruning can be performed, with the exception of the traditional cleaning pruning that can be done at any time to prevent the plant from consuming energy with small or already dead leaves.
Teaching when to do this, and what are the most common pruning and training that give the best results by increasing yield and generating healthier plants is the objective of this text.
Many people understand how to prune how to reduce the size of something, but in the case of cannabis cultivation, pruning plays other roles, helping in the emergence of new branches and in cleaning so that the healthiest plants are the ones that receive more energy. Because of these functions, there are different types of pruning, each of which can be beneficial in different crops, both indoor and outdoor.
One of the most used pruning by growers is Apical Pruning, also known as top pruning. This pruning is very simple and highly recommended at the beginning of the vegetative phase just after the first 30 days when the plant really begins to take shape. Just remove the apical bud / main stem. The two buds immediately below will grow and become two upper buds, and so the plant will grow spread out and without that straight Christmas tree look. In addition, apical pruning also diffuses hormones through the branches, encouraging them to grow more vigorously. This technique helps to give a thick profile.
The reason why plants behave this way is related to their growth control center. The auxins transport system is located at the apex of the main branch. Sensory pigments in the leaves inform the plant of several things, including how much light a leaf needs. This allows it to regulate the sending of energy or hormones in all its parts.
When removing the main top during apical pruning, the communication between the apex and the leaves is interrupted, with this the plant assumes the next branch as the main one. This means that the secondary branches of the node below start to grow faster and gain weight. These branches usually grow slowly if top pruning is not done, and because of this this is considered one of the most important pruning of all.
Most of the time this transition is very fast, but some plants can take a long time to grow right after apical pruning. What usually happens is a block of a maximum of one week until the plant develops correctly after the stress of this pruning. Even so, it is correct to say that this is an efficient pruning and that it will help to increase the development of the plant.